31 October 2009|
What stood at its birth was a simple notion conceived by businessman and political activist Jean Monnet, namely of an alleged historical necessity of a supranational bureaucratic centralization of Europe. In Monnet´s short-circuit view, only such a radical turn can eliminate European wars. Since its beginnings, Monnet´s vision consisted in supremacy of a body of non-elected officials, in his coinage “High Authority,” over democratic political systems of European states, i.e. over their democratic political will. Jean Monnet, and his not much democratic political allies in western Europe, began materialize that simplistic project. Their present followers carry on with it by means of successive steps, starting with economy due to its public plausibility. The High Authority, later renamed European Commission, and along its pattern other supranational institutions, became founding blocks of decision-making structure in the coal and steel industry and then other sectors of six founding states of European Communities, followed later by other members.
Nonetheless, the underlying aim of this proceeding since its origins always was and still is a political supra-state federation of Europe. In the Cold War decades in western Europe, that politically problematic string of events could evolve without major troubles. The prime ground of this was that it suited pragmatically the U.S. facing aggressive communist Soviet threat to western Europe. In other words, the gradual centralization eliminating democracy of western Europe facilitated decision making at the time of an ongoing communist menace. It was first of all this American short-sighted approach to transformation of western Europe in favor of undemocratic supranational institutions that caused the artificial keeping alive of Monnet´s anti-democratic concept of European integration.
After the break-up of communist domination in the central-eastern Europe of 1989 this project could not endure for good in its splendid isolation from new democracies of post-communist Europe. Its federalist mainstream seized an opportunity to expand into a strategically pivotal zone between Germany and Russia and to ally to the authoritarian Russia in order to make for an Eurasian superpower rivaling the U.S. on global political scene.
Right the Lisbon Treaty became an indispensable turning point on the route toward both undemocratic supremacy over Europe and its strategic cooperation with Russia, all along more against the U.S.
Its basic elements are:
Legal personality of the European Union in its entirety. Thus in terms of law the EU is authorized to act in the international arena as one state entity.
Enacting supremacy of EU legislature over member states legislatures.
Transfer of further 106 competencies from member states to the EU.
Abolition of veto right in further 68 areas of decision making.
Lowering the voting weight of the Czech Republic in the European Council by one third and double increase in the voting weight of Germany.
Ability of the EU to take over further competencies without ratification of such essential changes by the member states.
Abolition of the six months presiding term over the EU by individual member states, and succeeding it by up to five years term of EU president.
Merger of functions of two current foreign affairs EU representatives into one function of EU foreign policy representative.
Legal supremacy of the EU Charter of Fundamental Human Rights over member states charters of fundamental rights and liberties.
Consequently, after the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and its coming into effect the EU turns into an entity very close to a state.
The remaining difference between the EU under Lisbon Treaty and a Euro-state would be quite easy to eliminate by acquirement of further competencies from member states without preceding ratifications by them.
In conclusion, the Lisbon Treaty embodies a turning point in the European history. Europe, being dominated by the EU, turns into an obviously undemocratic entity. This a radical change of the European political map to a fatal detriment of democracy is but the last instance in many tragic turns of European history. These function basically as catalysts of chronic European and global conflicts, and do always present starting phases in decline of European civilization with grievous consequences outside Europe.